Polycystic Ovary Syndrome


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder commonly diagnosed in women of reproductive age. It is characterized by a hormonal imbalance that can lead to various symptoms such as irregular menstrual cycles, excessive hair growth, acne, and sometimes obesity and difficulties in becoming pregnant. PCOS is associated with the formation of numerous small cysts on the ovaries, which can disrupt the normal functioning of the ovaries and affect hormone levels.


PCOS is frequently associated with obesity, though not all affected individuals are overweight.


Another hallmark of PCOS is the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries, visible in ultrasound imaging. These cysts are actually follicles containing immature eggs that have not developed properly due to the hormonal imbalance. Despite the name, having ovarian cysts alone is not sufficient for a diagnosis of PCOS.


Officially the exact cause of PCOS “is not fully understood”, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Insulin resistance is also a common feature in PCOS, which not only contributes to weight gain and difficulties in losing weight but also increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.


  • irregular periods
  • excessive hair growth
  • acne
  • difficulty getting pregnant
  • cysts on the ovaries


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